Packaging research artefacts with RO-Crate

Tracking #: 706-1686


Responsible editor: 

Silvio Peroni

Submission Type: 

Resource Paper


An increasing number of researchers support reproducibility by including pointers to and descriptions of datasets, software and methods in their publications. However, scientific articles may be ambiguous, incomplete and difficult to process by automated systems. In this paper, we introduce RO-Crate, an open, community-driven, and lightweight approach to packaging research artefacts along with their metadata in a machine readable manner. RO-Crate is based on annotations in JSON-LD, aiming to establish best practices to formally describe metadata in an accessible and practical way for their use in a wide variety of situations. An RO-Crate is a structured archive of all the items that contributed to a research outcome, including their identifiers, provenance, relations and annotations. As a general purpose packaging approach for data and their metadata, RO-Crate is used across multiple areas, including bioinformatics, digital humanities and regulatory sciences. By applying “just enough” Linked Data standards, RO-Crate simplifies the process of making research outputs FAIR while also enhancing research reproducibility.


Supplementary Files (optional): 


  • Reviewed

Data repository URLs: 

Date of Submission: 

Friday, August 13, 2021

Date of Decision: 

Thursday, September 23, 2021

Nanopublication URLs:



Solicited Reviews:

1 Comment

Meta-Review by Editor

I have to confess it has been a pleasure reading this paper since it presents, with a lot of details, an important resource for the scholarly community at large, in particular in the context of current practices (such as those concerning FAIR and EOSC). All the reviewers agreed on this aspect, even if they provided some insights and questions that should be appropriately addressed in the camera-ready and that I will carefully check before publication.

Silvio Peroni (