An Overview of Weather Forecasting Model for Bangladesh Using Regression Based Machine Learning Techniques

Tracking #: 615-1595

Authors:

NameORCID
Atik MahabubORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7409-2014
Al-Zadid Sultan Bin HabibORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5696-8334


Responsible editor: 

Tobias Kuhn

Submission Type: 

Research Paper

Abstract: 

Weather forecasting bears significant impacts in our day-to-day life in every aspect from agricultural perspectives to event management. Weather forecasting becomes an uphill task for countries like Bangladesh where plain lands similarly coin- cide with coastal areas or hill tract areas and weather changes frequently. Weather forecasting contains some predictions of key parameters like wind speed, humidity, temperature, and rainfall. Several previous weather forecasting models used the compli- cated mathematical instruments which were rarely accurate. In this paper, regression-based Machine Learning (ML) models have been presented to predict the weather parameters accurately for Bangladesh. A practical application of ML techniques towards environmental numerical modeling has been developed. The raw dataset has been collected from Bangladesh Meteorological Division (BMD) which includes data of wind speed, humidity, temperature and rainfall for the past five years of Bangladesh of several weather stations across the country. Several regression algorithms have been used e.g. Support Vector Regression (SVR), Linear Regression, Bayesian Ridge, Gradient Boosting (GB), Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost), Category Boosting (CatBoost), Adaptive Boosting (AdaBoost), k-Nearest Neighbors (KNN) and Decision Tree Regressor (DTR). The output of regression techniques has been compared with the existing forecast-based models which shows that ML-based models are more accurate than conventional methods.

Manuscript: 

Tags: 

  • Under Review

Data repository URLs: 

Date of Submission: 

Friday, November 1, 2019